In this lecture, Professor Cumming will define the idea of “expertise” and then describe its potential for students and teachers involved in writing in such languages as English.
Most education aims simply to develop competence in second-language writing through relevant declarative, procedural, and tacit knowledge. That is important. But a focus on expertise promotes additional abilities, processes, and motivating conditions: self-regulation and flexibility, intentionality to maximize learning opportunities, pattern recognition of promisingness for long-term goals, satisfaction and excitement in performance and accomplishment, collaboration with others, and subcultures that learn from, contribute to, and recognize the value of others. Professor Cumming will recommend ways in which these aspects of expertise can be fostered in students and in teachers of second-language writing.
Professor Alister Cumming is the former Head of the Centre for Educational Research on Languages and Literacies, University of Toronto and is currently a Changjiang Scholar at Beijing Foreign Studies University. He was editor and then Executive Director of Language Learning and the Chair of ETS’ TOEFL Committee of Examiners through the 1990s and 2000s. His research and courses focus on the learning, teaching, and assessment of writing in English as a second/foreign language, the evaluation of programs and curricula for second language education and immigrant settlement, and the development of assessment instruments and procedures in academic, professional and settlement contexts. Professor Cumming has written and published numerous books and articles on second-language education, language assessment, literacy, and international education policy. Professor Cumming’s recent books are Agendas for Language Learning Research (with Lourdes Ortega and Nick Ellis, Wiley-Blackwell, 2013), Adolescent Literacies in a Multicultural Context (Routledge, 2012), A Synthesis of Research on Second Language Writing in English (with Ilona Leki and Tony Silva, Routledge, 2008), and Goals for Academic Writing (John Benjamins, 2006).
Bereiter, C. & Scardamalia, M. (1993). Surpassing ourselves: An inquiry into the nature and implications of expertise. Chicago: Open Court.
Deane, P. (2011). Writing assessment and cognition. ETS Research Report 11-14. Princeton, NJ: ETS.
Hyland, Ken. Teaching and Researching Writing (Third Edition). New York: Routledge, 2016.
1. 帮助学员掌握 “expertise”（专业化能力）的内涵，以及二语写作专业化能力的具体培养方法和技巧